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what is antimony trioxide used for

The annual consumption of antimony trioxide in the United States and Europe is approximately 10,000 and 25,000 tonnes, respectively.The main application is for flame retardants in combination with halogenated materials. Antimony does not react with hydrochloric acid in the absence of oxygen. Antimony trioxide is a white crystalline solid. It is a bad conductor of heat and electricity, is stable in dry air and is not attacked by dilute acids or alkalis. Antimony trioxide has been used as a white pigment since ancient times. The antimony is separated and used. The subcommittee used that information to characterize the health risk from exposure to antimony trioxide. 1 Structures Expand this section. Antimony trioxide, also known as antimony oxide or Sb 2 O 3, is the most widely produced compound of elemental antimony.The nations that produce the most antimony trioxide are China, South Africa, Bolivia, Russia, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan. Antimony trioxide definition is - a white crystalline compound Sb2O3 or Sb4O6 occurring native as valentinite and senarmontite, formed when antimony burns, and used chiefly as a source of other antimony compounds and as a pigment especially in fire … Dates: Modify . Isotopes of Antimony. Pigment White 11: October 2013: CAS #: 1309-64-4 UN #: (see Notes) EC Number: 215-175-0 ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING; FIRE & EXPLOSION: Not combustible. Flame retardants used in household items such as mattress covers, furniture and carpets may contain antimony trioxide. Babbit metals, used for machinery bearings, are alloys of lead, tin, copper and antimony. Arsenic trioxide may also be used for other purposes not listed in this medication guide. The antimony trioxide gas is condensed in a container. Gives off irritating or toxic fumes (or gases) in a fire. Antimony trioxide (ATO) is commonly used as a co-synergist with halogenated flame retardants to enhance their effectiveness. The pigmentation from antimony oxide in plastics can be controlled and adjusted by the judicious selection of a Sb 2 O 3 grade having a specific particle size. Antimony trioxide is also used as a flocculent in the production of titanium dioxide. Antimony(III) oxide has suspected carcinogenic potential for humans. Antimony compounds (especially the trioxide) are widely used as flame retardants in paints, plastics, rubber, and textiles. It is insoluble in water. Antimony is a mineral that has been known since ancient times. (1) Other uses of antimony alloys are for solder, sheet and pipe, bearing metals, castings, and type metal. Antimony trioxide can also be used as a catalyst in the formation of polyethylene terephthalate. Antimony is used as a part of the therapy for these conditions and can sometimes have toxic side effects that lead to pancreatitis and cardio toxicity. Prolonged dermal exposure to antimony dust can lead to damage and infection of the skin. Antimony Trioxide (ATO) provides unique properties not easily obtained through other products when applied in a variety of industrial processes. 2 Names and Identifiers Expand this section. Antimony trioxide. When heated, antimony reacts with oxygen in air forming Sb 2 O 3. Antimony trioxide is used as a synergist to enhance the activity of the halogenated flame retardant. Hallmark, H&M, Hasbro, J.C. Penny, LEGO, Mattel, Nike, and other companies also use antimony in plastic, metal, and textile products. Antimony days 2019 Antimony Day – Spotlight on Regulation Takeaways In the press! Antimony trioxide is used in components that will be incorporated in EEE. In addition, Antimony Trioxide can be used as an opacifying agent for glasses, ceramics and enamels and in it can be found in specialty pigments. Sb2O3 Antimony Trioxide is an inorganic compound predominantly utilized as a flame-retardant synergist for plastics, paints, rubber, electronics, and textiles. antimony trioxide price solutions are extremely important for distinct industries to serve a variety of multiple purposes. This condition may occur within 1 days to 2 months after you start taking arsenic trioxide. Antimony trioxide is an industrial chemical and also occurs naturally in the environment. The sulphuric acid reaction produces SO 2. Antimony trioxide is used as a flame retardant in adhesives, plastics, rubber and textiles. In powdered form, antimony is explosive and can lead to spontaneous ignition when exposed to air. Reaction of antimony with air. Antimony Trioxide Market: Dynamics . Where I can view product specification or MSDS of Antimony Trioxide? Important Information. Antimony trioxide is an amphoteric oxide, dissolving in alkaline solution to give antimonites and in acid solution to given a range of polyantimonous acids. Glass manufacturers use it as a fining agent or as degasser (to remove bubbles). How is it used? The primary hazard is the threat to the environment. Examples are: - Insulation bodies - Hoods for electrics, electronics and connectors - Reactive component in plastics for laser printing (durability and legibility of laser printings are product safety relevant – e.g. The main application for Antimony Trioxide is use as Flame Retardant. Alibaba.com features the purest and top-class antimony trioxide price solutions from leading sellers who excel in delivering high-quality products worth your money. Gap uses it in clothing of all types. These metals are hard but slippery and so ideal for use as bearings. The Oeko-Institut has recommended against a restriction of antimony trioxide (ATO) in electrical and electronic equipment under the EU’s Restriction of Hazardous Substances (RoHS) directive. Previous reports suggest that polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastics used for water bottles in Europe and Canada leach antimony, but no studies on bottled water in the United States have previously been conducted. Antimony trioxide does not reacts directly as a flame retardant but is used as a synergist to enhance the activity of halogenated flame-retardants. The information is aggregated from the data coming from REACH substance registrations provided by … A dose of 50mg/m 3 of antimony is fatal for humans. The flame is bluish white. Uses Antimony is alloyed with other metals such as lead to increase its hardness and strength; its primary use is in antimonial lead, which is used in grid metal for lead acid storage batteries. It is sometimes used with other materials to form yellow pigments. Antimony trioxide (ATO) is commonly used as a cosynergist with halogenated flame retardants to enhance their effectiveness. It is suspected that antimony trioxide has carcinogenic effects on human body. You can also find tin antimony solder. Immediate steps should be taken to limit its spread to the environment. It is used to fireproof fabrics, paper and plastics, as a paint pigment and for many other uses. Paint manufacturers use Antimony Oxide as a white pigment. The primary hazard is the threat to the environment. Modern uses of Antimony also take advantage of its hardening effect in alloys. Its TLV is 0.5 mg/m 3, as for most antimony compounds. It is insoluble in water. The combination of the halides and the antimony being key to the flame-retardant action for polymers, helping to form less flammable chars. AkzoNobel has decided to add antimony trioxide (ATO) to its list of restricted substances, limiting the levels permitted in the company’s products, dependent on factors such as solvent dispersion, product type and end use. More... Molecular Weight: 291.52 g/mol. For instance, antimony trioxide in powdered form can lead to irritation of nose and throat when inhaled and can cause cancer. Immediate steps should be taken to limit its spread to the environment. (8) Antimony is used in the semiconductor industry as an n-type dopant for silicon. The antimony trioxide is then heated with carbon to make carbon dioxide and antimony. Health Dangers of Antimony. 6 Chemical Vendors. ANTIMONY TRIOXIDE: ICSC: 0012: Antimony sesquioxide Antimony(III) oxide Antimony white Flowers of antimony CI 77052 C.I. Uses. Antimony(III) oxide, CP. Antimony is a semi-metallic chemical element that can exist in two forms: the metallic form which is shiny, silvery, hard and brittle; and the non-metallic form which is a grey powder. Antimony is also used as an alloy in solder. In Canada, antimony trioxide is primarily used in combination with other compounds to provide flame retardant properties. Antimony Trioxide Nanopowder. Argus Media (01 Oct 2019) – Campine discusses outlook for antimony trioxide Roskill (08 Oct 2019) – Antimony Day delegates shine a spotlight on regulation Fastmarkets (10 Oct 2019) – ANTIMONY DAY CONF 2019: No alternative for antimony trioxide in flame retardants,… The viscosity level of these white antimony trioxide sb2o3 is extremely high, however, it can be diluted with other solutions very easily. Contents. Antimony Trioxide is often combined with halogenated compounds when used as a flame retardant, without antimony trioxide, about twice as much halogenated compound would be required to produce an effective flame retardant. 4 Spectral Information Expand this section. No other human health hazards were identified for antimony(III) oxide, and no risks to human health and the environment were identified from the production and use of antimony trioxide in daily life. In general, how your body reacts to a toxic level of antimony will depend on how you were exposed. Uses. No adverse health effects are … The major use of Antimony Oxide is as a Flame Retardant synergist in plastics, rubber, textiles, adhesives, fiberglass & Paper. In most products, antimony is used as a flame retardant, as part of a metal alloy, in the production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastics, or as color pigment. Any industries use antimony as a flame retardant synergist including but not limited to the plastics, textiles, rubber, paper, and paint industries. The use information is displayed per substance life cycle stage (consumer use, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites or in manufacturing). It is used to fireproof fabrics, paper and plastics, as a paint pigment and for many other uses. Porcelain and Enameling services use it as an opacifier. Arsenic trioxide can cause a condition called differentiation syndrome, which affects blood cells and can be fatal if not treated. It is often alloyed with lead and with tin, and is widely employed for lead-acid battery plates, bullets and cable sheathing. In the absence of antimony trioxide about twice as much halogenated compound would be needed to reach the same level of flame retardancy. Antimony is dissolved in hot concentrated sulphuric acid, H 2 SO 4, or nitric acid, HNO 3, forming Sb(III) solutions. Recent comprehensive genotoxicity studies and a critical review by the European Commission have indicated that, contrary to the indications of earlier less well authenticated studies, antimony trioxide is not a genotoxic carcinogen. These white antimony trioxide sb2o3 are also available in the form of MgO nanopowder that is widely used in numerous heating, agricultural, industrial, and electronic solutions. Antimony Trioxide are used as synergists to enhance the activity of halogenated flame-retardants by stepwise releasing the halogenated radicals to retard gas phase chain reaction of flame spread. ANTIMONY TRIOXIDE 229 10 Antimony Trioxide THIS chapter reviews the physical and chemical properties, toxicokinetics, toxicological, epidemiological, and exposure data on antimony trioxide. 2020-12-26. 5 Related Records Expand this section. This makes iron(II) sulfide and antimony. It can be readily oxidized to antimony pentoxide or other antimony(V) compounds, but is also easily reduced to antimony, sometimes with production of stibine. The product with the smallest particle size and the narrowest particle-size range imparts the whitest color and highest opacity. Antimony is a regulated contaminant that poses both acute and chronic health effects in drinking water. Create . Uses Another way to make antimony is to heat stibnite with scrap iron. 3 Chemical and Physical Properties Expand this section. About half of all antimony is used to make antimony trioxide for flame proofing. Many industries use antimony as a flame retardant synergist including but not limited to the plastics, textiles, rubber, paper, and paint industries. Highly purified antimony is used in semiconductor technology to prepare the intermetallic compounds indium, aluminum, and gallium antimonide for diodes and infrared detectors. 2005-03-27. 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